Wednesday, 1 February 2012

West End History: The Saint of Burnell Street

Winnipeg Evening Tribune -- November 13, 1942

While researching the Thelmo Mansions apartments on Burnell Street I came across a rather remarkable resident: Eva Leadbetter of the Salvation Army. For two decades she tended to the city's poor, oversaw the production of tens of thousands of pieces of clothing and even bought a needy family a house from her life savings.

A Salvation Army source told the Tribune in 1942 that "We just call her our saint. She is the most dedicated worker we have."

Here is a look at the Saint of Burnell Street.

Former Salvation Army Citadel
Salvation Army Citadel 1901-1960

Leadbetter was born in 1882 in Midway, Massachusetts and attended school in North Dakota. Her family moved near Prince Albert, Saskatchewan before she came to Winnipeg in 1922 to enter the officers' training college of the Salvation Army. She may have had relatives in the Army as around the same time she was in college there was a Captain Leadbetter who worked at the Weston, then Elmwood Corps.

Winnipeg Evening Tribune -- May 30, 1941

It was during the Depression that Leadbetter made her mark on the city.

In 1932 she became co-ordinator of the Salvation Army's Fresh Air Camp at Sandy Hook. There were five camps on Lake Winnipeg run by different organizations that provided a two-week getaway for inner-city children and their mothers. The aim was to promote healthy lifestyles and provide a break from the stress and heat of the city's slums.

August 13, 1932, Winnipeg Free Press

Each summer 500 - 600 children attended the Salvation Army camp. Leadbetter was co0ordinator for over a decade. (The Sandy Lake Camp was in existence until the 1970s. For more on the Lake Winnipeg Fresh Air Camps.)

August 13, 1932, Winnipeg Free Press

Leadbetter's main responsibility was to make home visitations to needy individuals and families in Winnipeg's slums. When she found someone in desperate need she was known to literally move in and to tend to them until the assistance they required arrived.

Seeing first-hand that the basic needs of people were going unmet, she created the Helping Hands League in 1931.

The organization repaired or made clothing, quilts and blankets for the needy. The group started with a dozen women from all religions and walks of life and four sewing machines set up in Leadbetter's apartment, 27 Thelmo Mansions. In the 1932-33 season their inventory included: "– garments made 1,021, Stockings knit 219, shoes provided 83 pair, quilts made 58, sheets made 37, crib outfits 5."

Helping Hand League, Jan 5, 1946 War Cry

Aside from producing the clothing, Leadbetter also raised funds, collected the required materials and arranged for their distribution. Within a couple of years the Salvation Army provided her with an annual stipend to cover costs and other organizations donated supplies.

When the Depression was over the League carried on tending to the poor, war-widowed families and knitting caps and scarves for soldiers.

At its peak the League had 70 women at work with a dozen sewing machines and other equipment all set up in Leadbetter's apartment !

Aside from her daily visitation duties and evenings with the Helping Hand League, she also taught Sunday school for two decades at the Weston Centre of the Salvation Army. Working with children and youth was a hallmark of her 50-plus year career.

May 30, 1942, Winnipeg Tribune

In May 1942, realtor and alderman C. E. Simonite contacted the Tribune to tell of his encounter with Eva Leadbetter earlier in the month:

"She came into my office and she offered to put her entire life savings, amounting to $200, to help buy a home for one of the deserving families forced to seek temporary lodging from the city early in May.

The evicted family had 8 children, making them difficult to house. Leadbetter laid out the size of house required and what parts of town would be acceptable. She offered to match the family's monthly payment of $20 with $10 a month from her Salvation Army stipend until the house had been paid off.

Leadbetter's trademark was her bicycle. She did all of her work, including deliveries, with it. It is said that she sometimes clocked 30 miles a day.

September 29, 1954, Winnipeg Free Press

Leadbetter worked in Winnipeg into her 70s when she typed and transcribed for the Grace Hospital's nursing school before starting her visitation duties. In 1954, however, she announced that she was retiring to Kelowna B.C.. The "angel of the Gateway City" was moving on.

She spent just a short time in Kelowna before moving to Victoria and becoming active with the Salvation Army again. She did home visitations, (still on her bike), and taught Sunday school well into her late eighties.

In 1962 the Salvation Army presented Leadbetter with a Certificate of Recognition for Exceptional Service for her “years of faithful, sacrificial and loving service." (November 7, 1962 War Cry.)

Eva Leadbetter died in Victoria B.C. on January 16, 1976.

History of Salvation Army in Canada Salvation Army
Salvation Army and Citadel Historic Buildings Committee

Are you a former resident of Thelmo Mansions, know someone who was ? There is an oral history project underway on the building. To share your memories or find out more information contact winnipegking@me.com

No comments: