Claimed at the time to be the the first major motion picture set and filmed in Canada, the British production 49th Parallel (released in the U.S. as The Invaders) had Manitoba aflutter for a few weeks in the summer of 1940. Leslie Howard, Lawrence Olivier, Glynis Johns, Canadian actor Raymond Massey, (former Winnipegger) Carla Lehmann and Director Michael Powell were just some of the Hollywood elite that stayed at the Royal Alex Hotel at Higgins and Main during filming.
The storyline, in a nutshell: a Nazi U-boat ends up in Hudson Bay and is spotted by officials, German crew ditch it and try to make their way south to the 49th parallel and a still-neutral U.S.. Along the way they encounter good, upstanding Manitoba folk including French fur traders, 'Eskimos' and, of course, Hutterites !
Filming near Elie (source)
The film shot in a number of Western Canadian locales, including bits in B.C. and Saskatchewan, but Manitoba was home to most of the action. Locations included the banks of Hudson Bay, a Hutterite Colony near Elie and the area around Lac du Bonnet.
Winnipeg had a role as well. A number of local scenes were shot including one involving 5,000 extras at Stevenson Field (the Winnipeg International Airport) but in the final version of the film, local media lamented, many of the urban scenes were cut out in favour of the rural. (Check out the 3 minute mark and 1h 13m mark for local footage !)
49th Parallell was nominated for three Academy Awards in 1943 including Best Picture (the first time a British-made film earned that nomination). On March 4, 1943 at the Coconut Grove of the Ambassador Hotel, Emeric Pressburger won the Oscar for Best Original Screenplay. Not bad considering it was up against the likes of Irving Berlin for Holiday Inn, the Lou Gehrig film Pride of the Yankees and Yankee Doodle Dandy. (The Powell / Pressburger partnership would collaborate on over a dozen films).
It was a propaganda movie for sure but, as Director Powell told the Tribune, "...all films, all books are propaganda in a sense. Every creative work of art must take sides on some issue".
Locally it opened at the Capitol on January 15, 1943 to pretty good reviews from local papers despite the loss of local content. The film still pops up for discussion on classic movie sites. One calls it 'one of the best-formulated propaganda movies of the war' and Movie-Film Review.com put it in their top 100 list of WWII movies.
- A sad note to the film involves Leslie Falardeau, a local teen with a fascination for photography and filming. He got himself a role as both a camera assistant and a double for Raymond Massey in a few scenes (above).
In the time between filming and the premiere he became Sargent Falardeau and was killed in action in October 1941. He would never see the film.
- The sometimes over-the-top French Canadian accent used by Olivier was taught to him by a Quebec-based soldier stationed in London who was assigned to the actor.
- Leslie Howard was killed when his plane was shot down by Nazis in WWII just a couple of years after making this film. He was a war correspondent for the BBC but rumours at the time was that he was also working in the higher levels of British Intelligence.
- Winnipeg born and raised, though British-based, actress Carla Lehmann. Came to film scenes as an air stewardess. In the end, though, scenes involving her were left on the cutting room floor.
49th Parallel Full version of movie !
Hutterites Warm up to film folk Winnipeg Tribune August 9, 1940
Film to depict Canada Today Winnipeg Tribune August 9, 1940
49th Parallel Movie Trivia The Powell & Pressburger Pages